A report provided findings from a project that examined hate crime, looking at: people's experiences of hate, prejudice, and targeted hostility; the physical and emotional harms suffered by victims and their families; and ways in which to improve the quality of support offered to victims. A series of briefings were published alongside the main findings, together with a 'manifesto', which set out victim-centred recommendations based on the needs and expectations of those whose lives had been directly affected by hate crime.
Source: The Leicester Hate Crime Project, Findings and Conclusions, University of Leicester
Source: The Leicester Hate Crime Project, Briefing Paper 1: Disablist hate crime, University of Leicester
Source: The Leicester Hate Crime Project, Briefing Paper 2: Gendered hostility, University of Leicester
Source: The Leicester Hate Crime Project, Briefing Paper 3: Homophobic hate crime, University of Leicester
Source: The Leicester Hate Crime Project, Briefing Paper 4: Racist hate crime, University of Leicester
Source: The Leicester Hate Crime Project, Briefing Paper 5: Religiously motivated hate crime, University of Leicester
A paper presented an experimental analysis of data relating to Schedule 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000, which granted powers in relation to port and border controls and permitted passengers entering or leaving Great Britain or Northern Ireland to be stopped, questioned, and detained in order to determine their possible involvement in terrorism. The analysis examined race disproportionality, based on data on Schedule 7 examinations combined with ethnic group data from two sources: international air passengers from the Civil Aviation Authority's (CAA) Passenger Survey; and residents of England and Wales from the 2011 Census. The analysis was defined as experimental due to uncertainty over the ethnic profile of passengers passing through ports.
Source: Karen Hurrell, An Experimental Analysis of Examinations and Detentions under Schedule 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000, Research briefing paper 8, Equality and Human Rights Commission
An article examined restorative justice research and practice within the context of race. It noted a lack of work in this area and suggested a conceptual model for further pilots and research.
Source: Theo Gavrielides, 'Bringing race relations into the restorative justice debate: an alternative and personalized vision of "the other"', Journal of Black Studies, Volume 45 Issue 3
An article compared aggressive behaviour and criminal convictions among men with severe mental illness of different ethnicities. It said that, relative to white British men with severe mental illness, black African men showed decreased risk of aggressive behaviour, and black Caribbean men showed elevated risk of convictions for non-violent, and marginally, for violent crimes. Proportionately more black African and black Caribbean men presented schizophrenia spectrum disorders, compared with white British men. But it was not possible to identify factors that would explain these differences.
Source: Matt Bruce, Deborah Cobb, Holly Clisby, David Ndegwa, and Sheilagh Hodgins, 'Violence and crime among male inpatients with severe mental illness: attempting to explain ethnic differences', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Volume 49 Number 4
An article examined and challenged the understanding of 'radicalization', 'psychological vulnerability', and 'child protection' within the United Kingdom government's strategies to counter terrorism.
Source: Vicki Coppock and Mark McGovern, '"Dangerous minds"? Deconstructing counter-terrorism discourse, radicalisation and the "psychological vulnerability" of Muslim children and young people in Britain', Children & Society, Volume 28 Number 3
An article examined the satisfaction levels of black minority-ethnic (BME) groups with a north of England police force. It highlighted how, in addition to policing in a fair way, direct and indirect communication played a key role in satisfaction levels. Achieving effective communication between the police force and BME groups was a complex matter, although not impossible, mediated at times by local and historical precedents with different BME groups.
Source: Giles Barrett, Samantha Fletcher, and Tina Patel, 'Black minority ethnic communities and levels of satisfaction with policing: Findings from a study in the north of England', Criminology and Criminal Justice, Volume 14 Number 2