|Subject:||Gender and sex equality|
|Topic:||Gender and health|
A report examined women's experiences of poor mental health and well-being, and their experiences within the mental health system in England, with a focus on women who had experienced sexual violence, black and minority-ethnic women, and women affected by HIV. It said that, overall, the integration of need in policy processes and structures was inconsistent, and that there was a clear need for a consistent, gender-specific approach in the commissioning and delivery of mental health services. The report made a range of recommendations.
Source: 'I Am More Than One Thing': A guiding paper by Imkaan, Positively UK and Rape Crisis England and Wales on women and mental health, Imkaan/Positively UK/Rape Crisis England and Wales
An article examined the major factors affecting health during pregnancy, birth, and the postnatal period, and evidence for interventions to improve outcomes in women and their children. It said that potential interventions that were supported by evidence included diet and the avoidance of smoking, alcohol, and illicit drugs, but good management of underlying illness and the improvement of health prior to conception and postnatally were also important. It noted the implications for policy approaches.
Source: Ron Fraser Gray, Debra Bick, and Yan-Shing Chang, 'Health in pregnancy and post-birth: contribution to improved child outcomes', Journal of Children's Services, Volume 9 Number 2
A report examined the accessibility of primary care (family doctors) for women in the United Kingdom. It considered the barriers to access, including key issues for women from a range of minority groups. It made recommendations for improvements in various areas, including: the appointments system; registration (particularly with regard to personal identification); effective use of the appointment, including the right to see a female doctor, allowing sufficient time for sensitive issues, and making the process more accessible through providing assistance such as translation and advocacy; addressing prejudice and discrimination; engagement with issues related to gender-based violence; and awareness of, and services for, mental health.
Source: Annah Psarros, Women's Voices On Health: Addressing barriers to accessing primary care, Maternity Action/Women's Health and Equality Consortium