An article examined how life expectancy had changed in Europe between 1991 and 2008, looking at geographical inequalities (between regions) and socio-spatial inequalities (between regions grouped by an area-level measure of average household income). It was found that regional life expectancy inequalities had not narrowed, despite efforts to reduce them. It said that household income differences across European regions might partly explain these inequalities but, because inequalities transcended national borders, reduction efforts might require European Union-wide co-ordination in addition to national efforts.
Source: Elizabeth Richardson, Jamie Pearce, Richard Mitchell, Niamh Shortt, and Helena Tunstall, 'Have regional inequalities in life expectancy widened within the European Union between 1991 and 2008?', European Journal of Public Health, Volume 24 Issue 3
An article examined the associations between social mobility, income inequality, and socio-economic differences in mortality in European countries. Both income equality and social mobility were found to be associated with larger socio-economic differences in mortality, particularly in women. These findings suggested that although social mobility and income equality might improve population health, they might also increase socio-economic health inequalities.
Source: Audrey Simons, Danielle Groffen, and Hans Bosma, 'Socio-economic inequalities in all-cause mortality in Europe: an exploration of the role of heightened social mobility', European Journal of Public Health, Volume 23 Issue 6