An article examined the consequences of the expansion of higher education in Europe on two goals of the education system – promoting equity of educational opportunities, and providing credentials that facilitated the matching of labour supply and demand. It tested the hypothesis that educational expansion could have different, and possibly opposite effects on the two goals.
Source: Fabrizio Bernardi and Gabriele Ballarino, 'Participation, equality of opportunity and returns to tertiary education in contemporary Europe', European Societies, Volume 16 Issue 3
An article examined the redistributive effects of subsidies to higher education in the United Kingdom. It said that the system was regressive with respect to graduate income.
Source: Elizabeth Mishkin and John Straub, 'The redistributive effects of British subsidies to higher education', Social Policy and Society, Volume 13 Issue 3
A report provided the findings from a review of literature and evidence on a range of methodological issues encountered in estimating the economic value of higher education, further education, and skills interventions.
Source: Lynn Gambin, Rachel Beaven, Terence Hogarth, Mike May-Gillings, and Katy Long, Methodological Issues in Estimating the Economic Value Added of HE, FE and Skills: A review of relevant literature, Research Report 166, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
An article examined the effects of tertiary education on employees' productivity. Drawing on data from the World Bank and the British Household Panel Study, the article concluded that university-level education was beneficial to economic growth.
Source: John Simister, 'Delayed effects of graduate education on increased productivity', International Journal of Economics, Volume 1 Number 2