A report examined the definition and recording of reported honour based violence (HBV) cases in the United Kingdom, based on Freedom of Information requests to police forces. It said that there was inconsistency between forces in what was included under the heading, and that 20 per cent of forces failed to flag all HBV cases reported to them. While welcoming earlier work by the Association of Chief Police Officers, it said that no HBV review or action plan had been published since the 2008 HBV Strategy. The report made a range of recommendations, including: the development of a clearer definition of HBV; better partnership working to safeguard women and girls; and greater consistency in, and formalization of, recording of HBV.
Source: Postcode Lottery: Police recording of reported ï¿½honourï¿½ based violence, Iranian and Kurdish Women's Rights Organisation
A study examined the experiences of children and young people on social networking sites. The report said that over one in four of children aged 11-16 had experienced something upsetting over the past year, with some taking weeks or months to get over the experience. While more girls than boys reported being upset, the experiences that they had also differed. The report said that children seemed unable to raise their concerns effectively and just 22 per cent had talked to someone about upsetting experiences. It called for more to be done by social networking sites to keep young people safe online and to ensure that reporting and privacy options were easy to use.
Source: Claire Lilley, Ruth Ball, and Heather Vernon, The Experiences of 11-16 Year Olds on Social Networking Sites, National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
A study examined the experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people in Manchester, a city in the north of England. The first report from the study examined community safety. It said that hate crime was commonly experienced (almost half of LGB people) but went unreported in over 60 per cent of cases. The study had found gaps in the evidence base around victimization and the report recommended better monitoring of the sexual orientation of service users by public services across the city, as well as improved targeting of services and cross-agency work to increase the reporting of homophobic and biphobic hate crime.
Source: Community Safety: The state of the city for Manchester's lesbian, gay and bisexual communities, Lesbian and Gay Foundation
A report provided the findings from a series of focus groups with alleged victims of abuse by the late entertainer, Jimmy Savile. The focus groups examined the issues that prevented them from reporting events to the police at the time, and how the police might improve their management of the reporting process and subsequent interviews and contacts. The report said that there was a wide range of factors influencing non-reporting, but many said they had thought they would not be believed, and many of those who did disclose events at the time had been ignored or ridiculed. The report highlighted the long-term impact of abuse.
Source: Louise Exton and Kamaljit Thandi, Would They Actually Have Believed Me? A focus group exploration of the underreporting of crimes by Jimmy Savile, National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
A report examined human smuggling and trafficking across Europe. It said that people were trafficked from across the world, often through the primary transit routes that were used for trade. It said that the barriers to entry in Europe had led to the creation of a variety of 'facilitators', both those who were organized and willing participants, and others who unwittingly aided the process. It said there was a problem of corruption among officials. The report called upon policy makers to address the demand for migrants through education, prevention, prosecution, and improvements in labour laws, and for countries to harmonize their efforts.
Source: Louise Shelley, Human Smuggling and Trafficking into Europe: A comparative perspective, Migration Policy Institute
A study examined policy and practice on anti-social behaviour in Wales. It examined: the practices of social landlords; areas in which landlords might improve practice; and the effectiveness of Welsh government policy and guidance in supporting this work. The report highlighted the importance of partnership/collaborative working, early intervention, communication (with victims and perpetrators), and consistency, and noted the difficulty in evaluating both the scale of the problem and the effectiveness of outcomes. The report made recommendations.
Source: Anne Delaney, David Hedges, Simon Inkson, and Joanne McNally, Wales Anti-social Behaviour: Policy and practice review, Welsh Government
A report examined children and young people's mobile use of the internet in seven countries (Demark, Italy, Romania, United Kingdom, Ireland, Portugal, and Belgium). It said that there was an increasing awareness of online risks among parents and children, but exposure to risks had increased compared with the 2010 data, as a result of more opportunities for being online through smartphone and tablet use. However, the report concluded that, although such exposure was increasing, the proportion of those who were then harmed was not.
Source: Giovanna Mascheroni and Kjartan Olafsson, Net Children Go Mobile: Risks and opportunities, Educatt
An article examined the findings of a large-scale project on the sexual exploitation of young people, undertaken in Northern Ireland from 2009 to 2011.
Source: Helen Beckett and Dirk Schubotz, 'Young people's self-reported experiences of sexual exploitation and sexual violence: a view from Northern Ireland', Journal of Youth Studies, Volume 17 Number 4
A report provided a summary of discussions from a conference on the the impact of online stalking and harassment on women. It said that the impact was underestimated by all statutory services and that the responses from the police, criminal justice system, and social media providers were considered to be inadequate. The report called for online abuse, harassment, and stalking to be considered and dealt with as part of the spectrum of domestic violence offences. It recommended for the government action plan on violence against women and girls to be updated, for social media providers to take action, and for guidance and training for people working in the criminal justice system.
Source: Clare Laxton, Virtual World, Real Fear: Women's Aid report into online abuse, harassment and stalking, Women's Aid Federation of England
The Northern Ireland Executive began consultation on their proposed strategy to enhance services, protection and support for victims and witnesses of domestic and sexual violence and abuse, and to improve responses against perpetrators. The strategy contained five key strands: collaborative working; prevention and early intervention; delivering change; support for those affected; and protection and justice. The consultation would close on 11 April 2014.
Source: Stopping Domestic and Sexual Violence and Abuse in Northern Ireland 2013-2020, Northern Ireland Executive