In 2008, there were 708,711 babies born in England and Wales – nearly 19,000 more than in 2007. The number of births had increased each year since a dip in 2001. Recent increases in births had been driven by increasing fertility rates among women born in the United Kingdom, and the increasing population of non-UK born women of childbearing age.
Source: Birth Statistics: Review of the National Statistician on births and patterns of family building in England and Wales, 2008, Series FM1 37, Office for National Statistics
Statistics were published on conceptions in 2007 for women usually resident in England and Wales.
Source: Conception Statistics: Conceptions for women resident in England and Wales, 2007, Office for National Statistics (0845 601 3034)
An article examined lifelong childlessness, which had been a prominent aspect of fertility declines in the 1980s and 1990s. Single women, and women who were co-habiting with their partner, were found to be more likely to remain childless throughout their lives than those who were married.
Source: Martina Portanti and Simon Whitworth, 'A comparison of the characteristics of childless women and mothers in the ONS Longitudinal Study', Population Trends 136, Summer 2009, Office for National Statistics, Palgrave Macmillan (01256 329242)
An article examined whether the rise in births since 2001 had been driven by births to women born outside the United Kingdom. The study found that two main factors had driven recent increases: increasing fertility rates among UK-born women; and the increasing number of non-UK-born women (who had higher fertility on average) in the population.
Source: Nicola Tromans, Julie Jefferies and Eva Natamba, 'Have women born outside the UK driven the rise in UK births since 2001?', Population Trends 136, Summer 2009, Office for National Statistics, Palgrave Macmillan (01256 329242)