Researchers found that fertility in Scotland was below that of other countries and regions in the United Kingdom. In comparison with their English neighbours, Scottish women left longer gaps between their children, and were more likely to stop at two children. As a result, fertility in Scotland was below the average required to replace the population.
Source: Elspeth Graham, Paul Boyle, George Bouliotis, Vernon Gayle and John Ermisch, Why Is Fertility in Scotland Lower than in England?, Economic and Social Research Council (01793 413000) | Fran Wasoff, Fertility Variations in Scotland: Attitudes and interactions, Economic and Social Research Council
Provisional fertility rates for 2006 give an average number of 1.87 children per woman in England and Wales, the highest since 1980.
Source: 'Live births in England and Wales, 2006: area of residence', Population Trends 128, Summer 2007, Office for National Statistics, Palgrave Macmillan (01256 329242)
In the first quarter of 2006 the under-16 rate of conceptions was 7.0 per 1,000 girls (aged 13-15), compared with 7.6 for the same quarter of 2005. The under-18 rate was 39.7 per 1,000 girls (aged 15-17), compared with 41.4 for the same quarter in 2005. In both cases this was the lowest first quarter rate since 1993, when the statistical series started.
Source: 'Conceptions: age of woman at conception', Table 4.1, Health Statistics Quarterly 34, Summer 2007, Office for National Statistics, TSO (0870 600 5522)
In 2005, there were 41.1 pregnancies per 1,000 girls (under 18) in England, compared with 41.5 per 1,000 in 2004. The figures showed wide regional variations, with deprived areas having higher rates.
Source: 'Conceptions in England and Wales, 2005', Health Statistics Quarterly 33, Spring 2007, Office for National Statistics, TSO (0870 600 5522) | Zoe Uren, Dilwyn Sheers and Nirupa Dattani, 'Teenage conceptions by small area deprivation in England and Wales, 2001?2002', Health Statistics Quarterly 33, Spring 2007, Office for National Statistics, TSO