Ferrol - Urban History
Franco Period
Demonstration by Bazán workers, in España Square (1972)

In 1972 the first consequences of the international economic crisis, as well as the first steps towards industrial rationalization became evident in Ferrol. Furthermore, the old regime was drawing to an end, as the dictator approached his own death, and illegal political parties and trade unions began making early tentative moves. On 10 March, Bazán workers demonstrating outside the shipyards were shot at by the police. Two workers died, and a further 16 were wounded. The strike spread to the factories, shops closed, and the police took control of the streets. Reports of the events appeared in Europe's press and media. España Square, once a symbol of the dictator's supposed generosity, would from then on be associated with memories of repression.

Fundación 10 de Marzo (ed.), España século XX: escenas do traballo (Santiago de Compostela, 1999)