Ferrol - Urban History
Franco Period
First mass on board the training ship 'Galatea' (1936)

After the military uprising seamen and non-commissioned officers were purged, seeking out those with republican sympathies. Hundreds of civilian volunteers appeared to replace them, and they were trained in the training ship 'Galatea'. The photograph was taken after the first mass celebrated in the 'Galatea' after the military revolt. In the foreground the seamen exhibit three portraits: on the left, Franco; on the right, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of Spain's fascist party, the 'Falange'; and in the middle, the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Meanwhile, schools all over the country hung crucifixes in the classrooms, flanked by portraits of Franco and Primo de Rivera. The Catholic Church played a decisive role in legitimizing the new regime.

Cadernos Ferrol Análisis, Galatea, Buque Escuela de la Armada española. 1922-1982 (2002), © Club de Prensa de Ferrol
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