Ferrol - Urban History
Franco Period
Astano housing estate, next to the shipyards (2004)

Ferrol's population grew from 55,000 to 77,000 in 1940-50. Much of this growth was connected to its shipbuilding industry, which at one time employed more than 20,000 workers. Astano, in the neighbouring municipality of Fene, employed nearly half this number alone in the early 1970s. At this time hundreds of council flats were built next to the factory to house its workers. However, most of its employees still lived in neighbouring council districts (some 1,350 in Ferrol), and the problem arose of their daily access to the shipyard, and in general the connections between the factory and the city.

Photograph by the author