Ferrol - Urban History
Portraits of Admiral Nelson and Brigadier Churruca

The Battle of Trafalgar (1805) signified the end of eighteenth-century Spanish naval policy, with the loss of the fleet and subsequently its colonies in South America. In the case of Ferrol, it meant the death of hundreds of its men folk in combat, and the ruin of the Dockyards. The battle also affected the policies of memory. While London's Trafalgar Square was constructed around the statue of Admiral Nelson in recognition of this event, consolidating British supremacy, Ferrol built an obelisk in honour of Brigadier Churruca in 1813. Churruca was second-in-command of the Spanish fleet during the battle, and since he died as heroically as Admiral Nelson, he would supposedly have saved the honour of his squadron.

© Museo Naval de Madrid (Churruca) and Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire, Neuchâtel (Nelson)