Ferrol - Urban History
Consolidation
Portrait of Queen Isabel II, by B. López (1850)

The consolidation of the Liberal regime in Spain was hindered in the first half of the nineteenth century by fighting between absolutists and liberals, and after the victory of the last, by controversies between moderates and progressives. The reign of Isabel II (1845-68) could not escape the leading role of the 'espadones', the military leaders who came to power after staging a military uprising. However, the in-fighting calmed down and a programme of reforms was instituted, from the laying of railways to reorganization of the State. The fleet was rebuilt, in pursuit of a policy of prestige determined to defend Spain's remaining overseas territories in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and The Philippines: a policy that led to the absurd War of the Pacific ending with the Battle of Callao.

Museo de Bella Artes de Valencia
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