Ferrol - Urban History
The Marquis of Ensenada, by J. Amiconi (c. 1750)

The Marquis of Ensenada was a key figure in the construction of Ferrol. A confidant of King Fernando VI, between 1746-54 he simultaneously headed the 'Secretaries' - Ministries - of Finance, War, Navy, and the Indies. He worked out a geo-strategic vision: facing up to British supremacy without completely depending on France for support. He planned a defensive naval policy, based on building a fleet smaller than Britain's but capable of dissuading it from war. He approved financing. And he obtained the necessary technology, sending naval officers to spy on British, French, and Baltic dockyards in 1749-50. After his disgrace, this programme was partly frustrated.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid