Ferrol - Urban History
Foundation
The family of Felipe V, by L.M. Van Loo (1743)

The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) led to the end of the War of the Spanish Succession, the loss of Spanish possessions in Italy and Flanders, and the crowning of one of the grandsons of King Louis XIV of France. The new Bourbon dynasty applied a series of economic, political, and cultural reforms inspired by the French model. Particular attention was paid to the Navy. After the policy of intervention in Italy by the first king Felipe V (1713-46) - seated to the left in the illustration - the reigns of his sons Fernando VI (1746-59) and Carlos III (1759-88) - standing at the left and right corner, respectively - sanctioned displacement from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, seeking control over the American colonial empire.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
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