This is achieved by depositing the article on the author’s web page or in a suitable public repository, often after a specified embargo period. The version deposited should be the Accepted Manuscript. Publishers typically impose different conditions, but it should be noted that many OA mandates (such as the NIH public access policy) specify the Accepted Manuscript in their requirements unless the publisher allows the Version of Record. Refer to the table below for details.
This is achieved by making the published Version of Record freely available on the publisher’s online platform. It is furthermore increasingly required that to qualify as Open Access, the article should be published under a license that allows others to reuse or republish the content without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. There is much contention amongst OA advocates over the specific license that should be used. Note that the phrase ‘Gold OA’ is not associated with any explicit financial model, and does not imply the ‘pay to publish’ model, as is sometimes assumed. Indeed, many Gold OA journals charge no fees, though it is notable that the larger Gold OA journals, and almost all of those published by larger professional publishers, typically do impose an Article Processing Charge (APC) on the author's institution or funding body. Cambridge currently charges $2700 for OA in most hybrid journals and fees ranging between no charge and $1600 in the full OA journals.
Adapted from NISO RP-8-2008, Copyright © 2008 by the National Information Standards Organization
Any version of the article that is considered by the author to be of sufficient quality to be submitted for formal peer review by a second party. The author accepts full responsibility for the article. Content and layout as set out by the author.
Any version of the article that is under formal review for inclusion in the journal. Content and layout follow the journal’s stated submission requirements.
The version of the article that has been accepted for publication in the journal. Cambridge University Press takes permanent responsibility for the article. Content and layout follow Cambridge University Press’s submission requirements. This version may have been revised following peer review but may be subject to further editorial input by Cambridge University Press.
A fixed version of the article that has been made available by Cambridge University Press (or the Society that owns the journal) by formally and exclusively declaring the article “published”. This includes any FirstView article that is formally identified as being published before the compilation of a volume issue and assignment of associated metadata, as long as it is citable via some permanent identifier(s). This does not include any ‘early release’ article that has not yet been fixed by processes that are still to be applied, such as copy-editing, proof corrections, layout, and typesetting. The VoR includes any corrected or enhanced VoR.