Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Coral disease prevalence and coral health in the Wakatobi Marine Park, south-east Sulawesi, Indonesia

J.  Haapkylä a1, A.S.  Seymour a2, J.  Trebilco a3 and D.  Smith a1c1
a1 Coral Reef Research Unit, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3 SQ, UK
a2 Operation Wallacea, Hope House, Old Bolingbroke, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, PE23 4EX, UK
a3 School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 5, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia

Article author query
haapkylä j   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
seymour as   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
trebilco j   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
smith d   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


This is the first study on coral diseases in the Wakatobi Marine National Park (WMNP), south-east Sulawesi. It aimed to provide baseline knowledge of coral disease prevalence and coral health in this remote region. Results indicate a low disease prevalence of 0.57% with only two known diseases occurring within the sampling unit, white syndrome (0.42%) and tumours (0.15%). They affected 15 taxonomic groups from a total of 32 taxonomic groups. The presence of black-band disease (BBD), skeletal eroding band (SEB) disease and Porites ulcerative white spot disease (PUWSD) was identified outside the study area. A large number of corals were affected by previously undescribed conditions (9.7% of colonies). The impact of lesions named as green spot, green band, pigmented spot, and flatworm infestation is not known and represents an important area for future studies.

(Published Online April 4 2007)
(Received September 21 2006)
(Accepted January 29 2007)

c1 Corresponding author: e-mail: