Research Paper

Effect of milk deprivation during the lactation period on performance and digestive enzyme activities of the piglets following weaning

W. Wattanakula1a2 p1, J. A. Rookea1 p2, A. H. Stewarta1 p3, P. R. Englisha2 and S. A. Edwardsa1 p4

a1 Scottish Agriculture College, Craibstone Estate, Aberdeen, AB21 9YA, UK

a2 University of Aberdeen, 581 King Street, Aberdeen, AB24 5UA, UK

Abstract

Post-weaning performance of piglets from systems where lactation is disrupted (e.g. from multisuckling systems) is superior to conventionally reared piglets. The objective of this study was to establish whether restricted growth prior to weaning caused by disruption of suckling was an important factor in post-weaning performance and also whether there were related changes in gastro-intestinal development. Ten litters of eight piglets were used in a split-plot design. Half of each litter (limited suckling, LS) had suckling disrupted by separation from their dam for 7 h/day from day 14 to 28 after farrowing. The remainder of each litter was allowed to suck normally (normal suckling, NS). The same amount of creep feed was offered to LS piglets as consumed by NS littermates on the previous day. There were no differences in weight between LS and NS piglets at 14 days of age, but restricting access to the sow reduced weaning weight at 28 days of age (7.96 v. 9.00 kg; LS v. NS; P < 0.01; s.e.d. 0.23). Feed intakes were greater for LS than NS piglets over the first 28 days post weaning, particularly in the 1st week after weaning when feed efficiency was also improved (0.91 v. 0.62 kg gain per kg feed; P < 0.01; s.e.d. 0.08). As a result, LS piglets grew more rapidly in the first 28 days post weaning, particularly in the first 7 days after weaning. Subsequent performance to 8 weeks was similar for both groups. Digestive organ weights were not different at 2 and 9 days after weaning; nor were small intestine specific enzyme activities significantly different ( P>0.05). Pancreatic trypsin activity was, however, greater ( P < 0.01) for LS pigs on both days 2 and 9 post weaning. In conclusion the restriction of growth as a result of limited suckling itself is an important factor in determining post-weaning performance and may be related to development of pancreatic trypsin activity.

(Received July 12 2006)

(Accepted December 04 2006)

Correspondence:

p1 Present address.Faculty of Agriculture, Ubonratchathani University, Thailand, 34190. E-mail: w.wattanakul@rocketmail.com

p2 Present address.SAC, Roslin Bio-Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9PS, UK

p3 Present address.Harper Adams University College, Newport, Shropshire TF10 8NB, UK.

p4 Present address.School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK.