Animal Health Research Reviews

Research Article

Campylobacter colonization in poultry: sources of infection and modes of transmission

Orhan Sahina1a2, Teresa Y. Morishitaa2 and Qijing Zhanga1a2 c1

a1 Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 446911, USA

a2 Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 432102, USA

Abstract

Since its recognition as a human pathogen in the early 1970s, Campylobacter jejuni has now emerged as the leading bacterial cause of food-borne gastroenteritis in developed countries. Poultry, particularly chickens, account for the majority of human infections caused by Campylobacter. Reduction or elimination of this pathogen in the poultry reservoir is an essential step in minimizing the public health problem; however, farm-based intervention measures are still not available because of the lack of understanding of the ecological aspects of C. jejuni on poultry farms. Although Campylobacter is highly prevalent in poultry production systems, how poultry flocks become infected with this organism is still unknown. Many investigations indicate that horizontal transmission from environmental sources is the primary route of flock infections by Campylobacter. However, some recent studies also suggest the possibility of vertical transmission from breeder to progeny flocks. The transmission of the organism is not well understood, but it is likely to be through both vertical and horizontal transmission and may be affected by the immune status of the poultry host and the environmental conditions in the production system. Intervention strategies for Campylobacter infection in poultry should consider the complex nature of its transmission and may require the use of multiple approaches that target different segments of the poultry production system.

(Received August 16 2002)

(Accepted October 22 2002)

Correspondence:

c1 *Corresponding author: Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Avenue, Wooster, OH 44691, USA E-mail: zhang.234@osu.edu

Footnotes

† Permanent address: Mustafa Kemal University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Microbiology, Hatay, Turkey

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