a1 Department of Diabetes and Nutrition, CHU Angers F-49033, France
a2 NICHE, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland
Resting energy expenditure (REE) is believed to be increased in type 2 diabetes, an increase that is associated with deteriorating glucose tolerance during its development. Meanwhile, insulin resistance, a state linked to obesity and observed in all type 2 diabetic patients, is associated with reduced REE. Our aim was to compare REE in obese patients with and without diabetes. REE, body composition (total body water, density, percentage fat and fat-free mass: 3-compartment model) and metabolic control were assessed in fifty obese Caucasian patients with diabetes (glycated haemoglobin level 7·6 (sd 1·5) %) and fifty obese patients who were non-diabetic. Despite being more overweight and younger, obese non-diabetic patients had an absolute REE (7·73 (sd 1·44) v. 8·12 (sd 1·37) MJ; P=0·17) and percentage fat-free mass similar to those of obese diabetic patients. Even when adjusted for differences in body composition, REE remained similar in both groups. Furthermore, REE (absolute and adjusted) was unaffected by both glucose level and control (glycated haemoglobin), with fat-free mass being the only determinant of REE. We conclude that REE is not necessarily increased by the presence of diabetes in obese people.
(Received June 22 2005)
(Revised January 09 2006)
(Accepted January 10 2006)