a1 CRIMEDIM—Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
a2 Disaster Research Center (AFAM), Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey
a3 URGENTA—Clinical Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
a4 Hanover Associates, Teddington, London, United Kingdom
a5 NHCS—National Health Career School of Management, Hennigsdorf/Berlin, Germany
a6 Bonn International Center for Conversion, Bonn, Germany
a7 University Clinic Bonn, Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Bonn, Germany
a8 CROUMSA—Croatian Urgent Medicine and Surgery Association, Slavonski Brod, Croatia
a9 Prehospital and Disaster Medicine Centre, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden
a10 SBC-General and Teaching Hospital Celje, Medical Faculty, Celjie, Slovenia
a11 German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
a12 Clinical Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
a13 Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA
Introduction Education and training are key elements of disaster management. Despite national and international educational programs in disaster management, there is no standardized curriculum available to guide the European Union (EU) member states. European- based Disaster Training Curriculum (DITAC), a multiple university-based project financially supported by the EU, is charged with developing a holistic and highly-structured curriculum and courses for responders and crisis managers at a strategic and tactical level. The purpose of this study is to qualitatively assess the prevailing preferences and characteristics of disaster management educational and training initiatives (ETIs) at a postgraduate level that currently exist in the EU countries.
Methods An Internet-based qualitative search was conducted in 2012 to identify and analyze the current training programs in disaster management. The course characteristics were evaluated for curriculum, teaching methods, modality of delivery, target groups, and funding.
Results The literature search identified 140 ETIs, the majority (78%) located in United Kingdom, France, and Germany. Master level degrees were the primary certificates granted to graduates. Face-to-face education was the most common teaching method (84%). Approximately 80% of the training initiatives offered multi- and cross-disciplinary disaster management content. A competency-based approach to curriculum content was present in 61% of the programs. Emergency responders at the tactical level were the main target group. Almost all programs were self-funded.
Conclusion Although ETIs currently exist, they are not broadly available in all 27 EU countries. Also, the curricula do not cover all key elements of disaster management in a standardized and competency-based structure. This study has identified the need to develop a standardized competency-based educational and training program for all European countries that will ensure the practice and policies that meet both the standards of care and the broader expectations for professionalization of the disaster and crisis workforce.
PL Ingrassia, M Foletti, A Djalali, P Scarone, L Ragazzoni, Corte F Della, K Kaptan, O Lupescu, C Arculeo, G von Arnim, T Friedl, M Ashkenazi, D Heselmann, B Hreckovski, A Khorrram-Manesh, R Komadina, K Lechner, C Patru, FM Burkle Jr., P Fisher. Education and training initiatives for crisis management in the European Union: a web-based analysis of available programs. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29(2):1-12 .
(Received March 19 2013)
(Accepted June 13 2013)
(Online publication March 18 2014)
Funding and conflicts of interest: This research was funded by the European Union 7th Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) under Grant Agreement No. 285036. The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.