Research Article

Epidemiological review of toxoplasmosis in humans and animals in Romania

J. P. DUBEYa1 c1, I. HOTEAa2 c2, T. R. OLARIUa3, J. L. JONESa4 and G. DĂRĂBUŞa2

a1 United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Building 1001, BARC-East, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350, USA

a2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 119, Aradului Street, 300645 Timisoara, Timis, Romania

a3 Department of Parasitology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, P-ta Murgu Eftimie, 2, 300041 Timisoara, Timis, Romania

a4 Parasitic Diseases Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Building 24, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Mailstop A-06, Atlanta, GA30333, USA


Infections by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii are widely prevalent in humans and other animals worldwide. However, information from eastern European countries is sketchy. In many eastern European countries, including Romania, it has been assumed that chronic T. gondii infection is a common cause of infertility and abortion. For this reason, many women in Romania with these problems were needlessly tested for T. gondii infection. Most papers on toxoplasmosis in Romania were published in Romanian in local journals and often not available to scientists in other countries. Currently, the rate of congenital infection in Romania is largely unknown. In addition, there is little information on genetic characteristics of T. gondii or prevalence in animals and humans in Romania. In the present paper we review prevalence, clinical spectrum and epidemiology of T. gondii in humans and animals in Romania. This knowledge should be useful to biologists, public health workers, veterinarians and physicians.

(Received April 26 2013)

(Revised June 06 2013)

(Revised July 18 2013)

(Revised July 24 2013)

(Accepted July 26 2013)

(Online publication October 29 2013)

Key words

  • Toxoplasma gondii ;
  • Romania;
  • toxoplasmosis;
  • humans;
  • animals;
  • clinical;
  • congenital


c1 Corresponding authors: USDA, ARS, APDL, BARC-East, Building 1001, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA. E-mail:

c2 USAMVB Timisoara, 119, Aradului Street, 300645, Timisoara, Romania. E-mail: