Epidemiology and Infection

Original Papers

Viruses

Outbreak of measles in Central and Eastern Cheshire, UK, October 2008–February 2009

S. GHEBREHEWETa1 c1, G. HAYHURSTa2, A. KEENANa1 and H. MOOREa3

a1 Cheshire and Mersey Health Protection Unit, Liverpool, UK

a2 NHS Central and Eastern Cheshire, Nantwich, Cheshire, UK

a3 Countess of Chester NHS Foundation Trust, Chester, UK

SUMMARY

We describe the largest outbreak of measles in Central and Eastern Cheshire (North West England) since the MMR vaccine was introduced in 1988, the majority of cases were not vaccinated and more than 20% of the cases belonged to the travelling community. Over 4 months, 147 clinical cases of measles were notified locally to the Cheshire & Merseyside Health Protection Unit (CMHPU). Of these, 67 (45·6%) were laboratory confirmed, 42 (28·6%) were negative, and one was equivocal, leaving 23 probable and 14 possible cases. The primary case was probably an 8-year-old unvaccinated travelling child, symptomatic on 1 October 2008. Measles spread locally and within school-aged children until early February 2009. Most of Central and Eastern Cheshire, including 23 educational institutions (playgroups, nurseries, primary schools, secondary schools, colleges), were affected, showing that there were enough susceptible/unvaccinated children to sustain an outbreak. Nearly a quarter of the confirmed cases (15/67, 22·4%) were aged <13 months and too young to be vaccinated under the UK immunization schedule. This outbreak is a reminder of the importance of achieving herd immunity to prevent spread and protect those at risk of severe illness or complications. There were no fatalities in this outbreak and no significant complications were reported.

(Received May 15 2012)

(Revised September 19 2012)

(Accepted September 24 2012)

(Online publication November 09 2012)

Key words

  • Measles (rubeola);
  • outbreaks;
  • vaccine-preventable diseases

Correspondence

c1 Author for correspondence: Dr S. Ghebrehewet, Cheshire & Merseyside Health Protection Unit, 5th Floor, Rail House, Lord Nelson Street, Liverpool L1 1JF, UK. (Email: sam.ghebrehewet@hpa.org.uk)

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