Proceedings of the Nutrition Society

Conference on ‘Transforming the nutrition landscape in Africa’

Plenary Session 1

Dietary management of the metabolic syndrome – one size fits all?

Nutrition Congress Africa 2012 hosted jointly by the Nutrition Society of South Africa, Association for Dietetics in South Africa and the African Nutrition Society, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. 1–4 October 2012.

Catherine M. Champagnea1 c1 and George A. Braya1

a1 Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA, USA


Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome includes a set of laboratory and physical findings, including central adiposity, elevated TAG, reduced HDL-cholesterol, hypertension and elevated fasting glucose or insulin resistance. While definitions have varied slightly, from a practical point of view, identifying dietary and lifestyle factors, including low levels of physical activity, are important in designing a diet and exercise programme that can help individuals with the metabolic syndrome to reduce the associated detrimental health consequences. Specific features of the metabolic syndrome require intervention, whether dietary or otherwise, to move towards normal ranges. It is important to remember that no one size or treatment fits all. While central obesity is perceived as the hallmark of the metabolic syndrome, other features need to be treated independently if they do not respond to lifestyle change. The future may hold treatments for the metabolic syndrome that involve modulation of inflammation.

(Online publication May 24 2013)

Key Words:

  • Metabolic syndrome;
  • Dietary management;
  • Lifestyle changes


  • ATP III:Adult Treatment Panel III;
  • IDF:International Diabetes Federation;
  • LDL-C:LDL-cholesterol


c1 Corresponding author: Professor Catherine M. Champagne, fax 225-763-3045, email