a1 Department of Reproduction, Development and Regeneration, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
a2 Huis voor Gezondheid, Brussels, Belgium
a3 Centre for Care Research and Consultancy, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
a4 Centre for Health Services and Nursing Research, School of Public Health, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
a5 European Pathway Association, Leuven, Belgium
a6 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont “A. Avogadro”, Novara, Italy
a7 Western Norway Research Group on Integrated Care, Helse Fonna, Haugesund, Norway
Objective The aim of this study was to obtain qualitative data to understand how type 2 diabetic patients with unregulated blood glucose levels (HbA1c >140 mg/dL) seek and use information sources for their diet.
Methods A descriptive, explorative study design was used with focus group interviews in the Brussels-Capital Region. Each interview was recorded, transcribed literally, and analysed thematically using a grounded theory approach.
Results GPs were the most important information source in this study. GPs and other professionals were considered to be reliable sources of information by the patients. All patients received information passively at diagnosis. Patients that actively sought information differed in their search behaviour and reported they were not sufficiently informed. Some information sources remained unknown to the diabetic patients in this study.
Conclusion Diabetic patients of the Brussels-Capital Region are not well informed about their diet. The main problem is how patients perceived the accessibility of information.
Practice implications Public health strategies are required to promote well-informed, proactive patients supported by healthcare teams.
(Received October 08 2011)
(Revised February 28 2012)
(Accepted April 02 2012)
(Online publication April 30 2012)
c1 Correspondence to: Sabrina Meyfroidt, MSc, Department of Reproduction, Development and Regeneration, Catholic University Leuven, Herestraat 49 – Box 7003, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org