Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Papers

Growth rate of a shocked mixing layer with known initial perturbations

Christopher R. Webera1a2 c1, Andrew W. Cooka2 and Riccardo Bonazzaa1

a1 University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA

a2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94551, USA

Abstract

We derive a growth-rate model for the Richtmyer–Meshkov mixing layer, given arbitrary but known initial conditions. The initial growth rate is determined by the net mass flux through the centre plane of the perturbed interface immediately after shock passage. The net mass flux is determined by the correlation between the post-shock density and streamwise velocity. The post-shock density field is computed from the known initial perturbations and the shock jump conditions. The streamwise velocity is computed via Biot–Savart integration of the vorticity field. The vorticity deposited by the shock is obtained from the baroclinic torque with an impulsive acceleration. Using the initial growth rate and characteristic perturbation wavelength as scaling factors, the model collapses the growth-rate curves and, in most cases, predicts the peak growth rate over a range of Mach numbers (), Atwood numbers ( and ), adiabatic indices () and narrow-band perturbation spectra. The mixing layer at late times exhibits a power-law growth with an average exponent of .

(Received August 13 2012)

(Revised March 08 2013)

(Accepted April 22 2013)

(Online publication May 14 2013)

Key words

  • mixing;
  • turbulent mixing

Correspondence

c1 Email address for correspondence: weber30@llnl.gov

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