a1 St Paul's Sinus Centre, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
a2 Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
a3 Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcomes Sciences, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Background: The advantages and limitations of image guidance systems for endoscopic sinus surgery are unclear. We report our experience and present a meta-analysis of the evidence.
Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of endoscopic sinus surgery procedures performed with versus without image guidance. A total of 355 cases was included. Primary outcomes included complication rates and time to revision surgery. A literature search was conducted to enable identification and analysis of studies of similar comparisons.
Results: Within 1.5 years of the index sinus surgical procedure, the risk of revision surgery was significantly higher for patients treated with non-assisted versus computer-assisted endoscopic sinus surgery (p = 0.001). Meta-analysis did not indicate a reduction in complications or revision surgery procedures with the use of image guidance systems, although the majority of included studies showed a non-significant reduction in revision surgery.
Conclusion: Our study offers some evidence that computer-assisted endoscopic sinus surgery may delay residual disease and reduce the requirement for revision surgery. Although this finding was not borne out in the meta-analysis, the majority of identified studies demonstrated a trend towards fewer revision procedures after computer-assisted endoscopic sinus surgery. This type of surgery may offer other advantages that are not easily measurable.
(Accepted June 25 2012)
Presented at the Combined Otolaryngological Spring Meeting 2011, 27 April to 1 May 1 2011, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Mr V S Sunkaraneni takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper
Competing interests: None declared