Bird Conservation International

Research Articles

Persistent electrocution mortality of Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus over 28 years in East Africa


a1 Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB), BirdLife partner in Bulgaria, Haskovo 6300, P.O. Box 130, 41 Bulgaria blvd, Bulgaria.

a2 Sudanese Wildlife Society, P. O. Box 6041 Takamul, Khartoum, Sudan: Cola building, 2nd floor, room № 12 B.

a3 Royal Society for Protection of Birds (RSPB), The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL, UK.


Electrocution on poorly designed power poles is increasingly shown to pose a threat for the populations of many large raptors. Here we document that a power line in Sudan continues to cause mortality of Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus, a problem that was first identified in 1984. We suggest that this power line may have caused the death of sufficient Egyptian Vultures to partially explain population declines in the Middle East, from where the electrocuted birds may originate. This report highlights the urgent need to plan and retro-fit power lines in Africa with non-lethal support structures.

(Received May 16 2011)

(Accepted November 25 2011)

(Online publication March 28 2012)


c1 Author for correspondence; email: