Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

Research Article

Building Resistance, Resilience, and Recovery in the Wake of School and Workplace Violence

Frederick Nucifora Jr c1, Alan M. Langlieb, Everett Siegal, George S. Everly Jr and Michael Kaminsky

ABSTRACT

Incidents of school and workplace violence are rare but devastating events that can result in significant psychological consequences in communities. The majority of people in the United States will experience some type of traumatic event in their lifetime, but most of them will have no disruption or only transient disruption in functioning. They are either resistant to the development of symptoms or resilient, able to bounce back quickly. By enhancing resistance and promoting resilience, even fewer individuals may develop mental disorders. This article takes a closer look at the concepts of resistance, resilience, and recovery and the need for research on interventions that promote them, in the hope of applying the concepts and interventions to schools and the workplace. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2007;1(Suppl 1):S33–S37)

(Received June 05 2007)

(Accepted July 03 2007)

Key Words

  • resilience;
  • mental health;
  • mass casualties;
  • recovery

Correspondence

c1 Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr Frederick Nucifora Jr, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Meyer 131, Baltimore, MD 21287(e-mail: nucifora@jhmi.edu).

The authors are with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.