Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia

Research Article

Base Band Data for Testing Interference Mitigation Algorithms

Jon F. Bella1 c1, Peter J. Halla1, Warwick E. Wilsona1, Robert J. Saulta1, Rick J. Smegala3, Malcolm R. Smitha1, Willem van Stratena2, Michael J. Kestevena1, Richard H. Ferrisa1, Frank H. Briggsa4, Graham J. Carrada1, Malcom W. Sinclaira1, Russell G. Gougha1, John M. Sarkissiana1, John D. Buntona5 and Matthew Bailesa2

a1 CSIRO ATNF, PO Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia

a2 Swinburne University Astrophysics and Supercomputing Centre, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, Vic. 3122, Australia

a3 SETI Institute, 2035 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043 USA

a4 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands

a5 CSIRO TIP, PO Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia


Digital signal processing is one of many valuable tools for suppressing unwanted signals or inter-ference. Building hardware processing engines seems to be the way to best implement some classes of interference suppression but is, unfortunately, expensive and time-consuming, especially if several miti-gation techniques need to be compared. Simulations can be useful, but are not a substitute for real data. CSIRO’s Australia Telescope National Facility has recently commenced a ‘software radio telescope’ project designed to fill the gap between dedicated hardware processors and pure simulation. In this approach, real telescope data are recorded coherently, then processed offline. This paper summarises the current contents of a freely available database of base band recorded data that can be used to experiment with signal processing solutions. It includes data from the following systems: single dish, multi-feed receiver; single dish with reference antenna; and an array of six 22 m antennas with and without a reference antenna. Astronomical sources such as OH masers, pulsars and continuum sources subject to interfering signals were recorded. The interfering signals include signals from the US Global Positioning System (GPS) and its Russian equivalent (GLONASS), television, microwave links, a low-Earth-orbit satellite, various other transmitters, and signals leaking from local telescope systems with fast clocks. The data are available on compact disk, allowing use in general purpose computers or as input to laboratory hardware prototypes.

(Received June 02 2000)

(Accepted November 15 2000)


  • instrumentation: detectors;
  • interferometers;
  • techniques: interferometric;
  • methods:;
  • data analysis