a1 Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA
a2 Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Division of Emergency Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA
a3 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University College of Engineering, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Novel technologies have prompted a new paradigm in disease surveillance. Advances in computation, communications and materials enable new technologies such as mobile phones and microfluidic chips. In this paper we illustrate examples of new technologies that can augment disease detection. We describe technologies harnessing the internet, mobile phones, point of care diagnostic tools and methods that facilitate detection from passively collected unstructured data. We demonstrate how these can all assist in quicker detection, investigation and response to emerging infectious events. Novel technologies enable collection and dissemination of epidemic intelligence data to both public health practitioners and the general public, enabling finer temporal and spatial resolution of disease monitoring than through traditional public health processes.
(Received January 20 2012)
(Revised May 08 2012)
(Accepted May 15 2012)
(Online publication August 23 2012)