The Journal of Laryngology & Otology

Clinical Records

Influenza A (H1N1): a rare cause of deafness in two children

A A Alsanosi 

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Objective: We report deafness occurring as an extremely rare complication of influenza A caused by the H1N1 virus (‘swine flu’), in two children.

Methods: Case reports and review of the literature concerning influenza A (H1N1) and acquired viral infection causing deafness.

Results: Two children with normal hearing developed bilateral deafness following influenza A (H1N1). The diagnosis was confirmed using polymerase chain reaction. Both patients were treated with oseltamivir.

Conclusion: Following a review of the literature, these two patients appear to be the first reported cases of bilateral deafness following influenza A (H1N1).

(Accepted January 27 2012)

(Online publication October 01 2012)

Key words

  • Ear;
  • Inner;
  • Hearing Loss;
  • Sensorineural;
  • Influenza A Virus;
  • H1N1 Subtype;
  • Child

Correspondence:

Address for correspondence: Dr Abdulrahman Ahmed Alsanosi, Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Saud University, PO Box 245, Riyadh 11411, Saudi Arabia Fax: 00966 1 4775748 E-mail: alsanosi@ksu.edu.sa

Footnotes

  Dr A A Alsanosi takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

Competing interests: None declared