Douglas R. Burgess Jr. is the Schwartz postdoctoral fellow at the New School (Eugene Lang College) and historian in residence at the New-York Historical Society. His research interests include Atlantic World history, legal history, and the history of international institutions. The author is indebted to his friend and mentor Tim Harris, whose insight helped shape this article, as well as to R. Douglas Cope and Seth Rockman, for all their help and counsel. Special thanks are due as well to the archivists of the John Carter Brown Library and the New-York Historical Society. Finally, the author would like to thank the editors of the Journal of British Studies for their many contributions and guidance.