Lara Kriegel is assistant professor of history at Florida International University. She is grateful to several audiences for their comments on earlier versions of this article, most recently those at the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women, Brown University, and at the Middle Atlantic Conference on British Studies (2002). Special thanks are due to the readers for the Journal of British Studies as well as to Timothy Alborn, Jordanna Bailkin, Gail Bederman, Antoinette Burton, James Epstein, Alison Fletcher, Abe Kriegel, Alex Lichtenstein, Kenneth Lipartito, Dianne Sachko Macleod, Mary Poovey, Erika Rappaport, and, of course, Judith R. Walkowitz. This essay is part of a book-length project on industrial design and labor in mid-nineteenth-century Britain. It was completed during a long-term fellowship at the Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, which was supported through the National Endowment for the Humanities.