Bulletin of Entomological Research

Research Article

Bemisia argentifolii is a race of B. tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae): the molecular genetic differentiation of B. tabaci populations around the world

P.J. De Barroa1 c1, J.W.H. Truemana2 and D.R. Frohlicha3

a1 CSIRO Entomology, 120 Meiers Road, Indooroopilly, QLD 4068, Australia

a2 School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia

a3 Department of Biology, University of St Thomas, 38000 Montrose Blvd, Houston, TX 77006, USA

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships between genotypes of Bemisia tabaci were compared using ITS1 and CO1 nucleotide sequences. Phylogenetic and minimum spanning network analyses identified six major races, Asia, Bali, Australia, sub-Saharan Africa, Mediterranean/Asia Minor/Africa and New World as well as a large collection of genotypes from the Asia region with no strong association with any of the races. The term race is based on its usage in Mallet (2001). Mating incompatibility occurs between some races. There is insufficient data to raise races to species status, but the data supports the recognition of the six races and an unresolved core of ungrouped genotypes under the single Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) species name. To clarify the identity of the race to which the B. tabaci under investigation is known, the following nomenclature is suggested, B. tabaci (Asia), B. tabaci (Bali), B. tabaci (Australia) B. tabaci (sub-Saharan Africa), B. tabaci (Mediterranean/Asia Minor/Africa) and B. tabaci (New World). Further, there is insufficient molecular or biological data to support the separation of B. tabaci and B. argentifolii Bellows & Perring and its use should be discontinued.

(Accepted December 13 2004)

Correspondence:

c1 *Fax: +61 7 3214 2885 E-mail: paul.debarro@csiro.au