British Journal of Nutrition

Impact of Pulses Obesity/Satiety, Glycemic Response, Metabolic Syndrome and CVD Risk Factors

Phaseolus beans: impact on glycaemic response and chronic disease risk in human subjects

Andrea M. Hutchinsa1 c1, Donna M. Winhama2 and Sharon V. Thompsona3

a1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Colorado Colorado Springs, 1420 Austin Bluffs Parkway, Colorado Springs, CO 80918, USA

a2 Nutrition Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, 500 North 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA

a3 Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 Southwest Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA

Abstract

Consumption of Phaseolus vulgaris bean species such as pinto, black, navy or kidney may be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. In particular, conditions that are promoted by increased glycaemic stress (hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia) including diabetes, CVD and cancer seem to be reduced in individuals who eat more of these beans. The present paper discusses the influence of P. vulgaris species on glycaemic response and the impact that relationship may have on the risk of developing diabetes, CVD and cancer.

(Received September 15 2011)

(Accepted December 01 2011)

Correspondence:

c1 Corresponding author: Associate Professor A. Hutchins, fax +1 719 255 4433, email andrea.hutchins@uccs.edu

Footnotes

Abbreviations: GI, glycaemic index; GL, glycaemic load; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus