a1 Department of Geoscience, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
The crystal structure of tin (II) sulphate, SnSO4, was obtained by Rietveld refinement using synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data. The structure was refined in space group Pbnm. The unit-cell parameters for SnSO4 are a = 7.12322(1), b = 8.81041(1), c = 5.32809(1) Å, and V = 334.383(1) Å3. The average 〈Sn–O〉  distance is 2.9391(4) Å. However, the Sn2+cation has a pyramidal -coordination to O atoms and the average 〈Sn–O〉  = 2.271(1) Å. If Sn is considered as -coordinated, SnSO4 has a structure similar to barite, BaSO4, and its structural parameters are intermediate between those of BaSO4 and PbSO4. The tetrahedral SO4 group has an average 〈S–O〉  = 1.472(1) Å in SnSO4. Comparing SnSO4 with the isostructural SrSO4, PbSO4, and BaSO4, several well-defined trends are observed. The radii, rM, of the M2+(=Sr, Pb, Sn, and Ba) cations and average 〈S–O〉 distances vary linearly with V because of the effective size of the M2+cation. Based on the trend for the isostructural sulphates, the average 〈Sn–O〉  distance is slightly longer than expected because of the lone pair of electrons on the Sn2+cation.
(Received February 07 2012)
(Accepted March 03 2012)