British Journal of Nutrition


Nutrient effects on the hepatic production of somatomedin C (IGF,) in the milk-fed calf

VÈronique Coxama1, Dominique Baucharta1, Denis Duranda1, Marie-jeanne Daviccoa1, Fred Opmeera1* and Jean-pierre Barleta1

a1 UA CNRS 1123, INRA Theix, F-63122 CeyratFrance


The present study was aimed at determining the influence of nutrients supplied by a milk diet (glucose, amino acids, triglycerides) on hepatic somatomedin C (IGF1) production in vivo in four 30-d-old milk-fed calves fitted with chronically indwelling catheters in hepatic (HV), portal (PV) and mesenteric veins and in the hepatic artery (HA), and with electromagnetic flow-meters on HA and PV. Fasting for 16 h induced a decrease (P < 0.01) in hepatic IGF1 production (nmol/kg body-weight (BW) for 6 h) (1.1 (SE 0.2) ν. 6.6 (SE 0.7) in control animals). Infusion of glucose (1.8 g/kg BW for 4 h) or a mixture of amino acids (Azonutril; R. Bellon, Neuilly sur Seine; 62.5 mg nitrogen/kg BW for 3 h) in a mesenteric vein led to no significant effect on hepatic IGF1 production for 6 h (1.2 (SE 0.3) and 0.7 (SE 0.3) nmol/kg BW respectively) compared with fasted calves. Infusion of chylomicrons purified from milk-fed calves (10.5 mg/h per kg BW, i.e. 0.16 mg triglycerides/kg BW per min) enhanced significantly (P < 0.01) the hepatic production of IGF1 (mean value for 6 h: 5.3 (SE 0.8) nmol/kg BW). Infusion of Intralipid (7 mg triglycerides/kg BW per min) induced a slight but significant hepatic IGF1 production which amounted to 3.5 (SE 0.4) nmol/kg BW (P < 0.01 compared with chylomicron treatment) and it began only 5 h after starting the infusion. Neither triglyceride nor chylomicron infusion significantly modified hepatic blood flow. Thus, these results demonstrate for the first time the role of lipids in the regulation of hepatic IGF1 production in vivo.

(Received February 09 1989)

(Accepted May 03 1989)


* Wilhelmina Kinderziekenhuis, Postbus 18009, 3501 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands.

† For reprints.