a1 Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, University of Oxford Email: email@example.com
The expansionist policies of the early colonial regime led to a significant emphasis on the importance of a large cavalry, but horses of a suitable quality appeared difficult to obtain within the subcontinent. Several measures were consequently taken to encourage horse-breeding, including the establishment of government studs and policies directed towards the creation of a ‘native’ market in quality horses. However, these measures did not appear to produce any significant results, despite sustained implementation. This paper examines in detail colonial policies on horse-breeding and links them to the larger economic logic of empire. It touches on several related themes such as early colonial interaction with ‘native’ agents, the question of free markets, and the impact of utilitarian and physiocratic doctrines on colonial policies.
(Online publication May 22 2012)
* I am grateful to the Wellcome Trust for making this research possible. Thanks also to Biswamoy Pati, Mark Harrison, and Waltraud Ernst for going through previous drafts of this paper and making valuable suggestions.