a1 Far Eastern Federal University, 27 Oktyabrskaya St., Vladivostok, 690600, Russia
a2 A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology FEB RAS, 17 Paltchevsky St., Vladivostok, 690041, Russia
Three species: Oxyonchus orientalis sp. nov., O. sakchalinensis sp. nov., and O. nicholasi sp. nov. (Thoracostomopsidae: Nematoda) are described and illustrated with the aid of light microscopy and laser-scanning microscopy pictures from sediments of Far Eastern Seas (the one former species from the Sea of Japan, Eastern Russia and the two latter species from the Sea of Okhotsk, Sakhalin Island). Generic diagnosis is emended for identification of Oxyonchus. Oxyonchus orientalis sp. nov. has short cephalic sensillae (0.6 cephalic diameters), strongly developed broad mandibular plate with irregular arrangement of numerous small denticles. Oxyonchus sakhalinensis sp. nov. is particularly characterized by the weakly short cephalic capsule, and the rounded thin mandibular plates with 10 denticles. Oxyonchus nicholasi sp. nov. can be differentiated by the structure of the cephalic armament (well developed capsule, fenestrae and incisions), numerous long cervical setae and tail shape. The distribution patterns of the various Oxyonchus species was suggested.
(Received October 06 2011)
(Accepted October 25 2011)
(Online publication December 09 2011)