a1 University of Sheffield. E-mail: X.Zang@sheffield.ac.uk
This article asks: is the cost of being Uyghurs higher for young Uyghurs than for old Uyghurs in Ürümchi? I address this question with data from a survey of 2,947 people conducted in Ürümchi in 2005. The cost of being Uyghurs refers to the extent of economic inequality in the earnings of Han Chinese and Uyghurs. I develop three hypotheses on the effect of age on earnings differentials between Han Chinese and Uyghurs. Data analyses show that although young Uyghurs are better educated and earn more than old Uyghurs, they are more likely than old Uyghurs to suffer from being Uyghurs in Ürümchi. This finding has policy implications for the reduction of ethnic disparity in Xinjiang.
Xiaowei Zang is professor of Chinese studies and head of the School of East Asian studies at the University of Sheffield, UK. His research interests include Muslim groups in China, Chinese politics, social networks and inequality in China.