a1 University College London (United Kingdom); Derecho y Medio Ambiente, Madrid (Spain); EU Aarhus Centre of ClientEarth, Brussels (Belgium). Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
This paper traces back the efforts, in particular in Europe, to promote transnational legal provisions which grant a right of access to environmental information. Initiatives in the 1970s failed to establish a fundamental right to a clean environment. However, the establishment of fundamental procedural rights of access to information, participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters has been more successful – culminating in the 1998 Aarhus Convention. This paper describes the – until now unsuccessful – attempts to extend the territorial scope of application of the Aarhus Convention to non-European countries and regions, and ultimately the conclusion of a global convention on access to environmental information.
(Online publication March 13 2012)