Powder Diffraction

Technical Articles

A synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of a small congruent LiNbO3 crystal: A compatible approach to powder diffraction

Barbara Etschmanna1 c1 and Nobuo Ishizawaa1

a1 Materials & Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan


Single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) data were collected and refined for congruent lithium niobate crystals 8 and 6 μm in diameter, sizes that are comparable to the size of the powder particles used in powder diffraction. The motivation for using such small crystals is to minimize problems such as extinction, which decrease with crystal size. The R/wR factors were 0.011/0.014 and 0.019/0.018, for the 8 and 6 μm data, respectively, and the goodness of fit factors were 2.3(1) and 1.63(8), which compare favorably with values obtained from previous powder and single-crystal diffraction studies. Results from single-crystal XRD using crystals less than 10 μm in size may rival those obtained from powder diffraction.

(Received October 12 2000)

(Accepted February 23 2001)

Key words

  • small crystal;
  • synchrotron radiation;
  • single-crystal XRD;
  • lithium niobate


c1 Electronic mail: bee@R3401.rlem.titech.ac.jp