Australian Journal of Environmental Education

Feature Articles

The Historical, Present and Future ness of Environmental Education in India

Sylvia Almeidaa1 c1 and Amy Cutter-Mackenziea1

a1 Monash University


What is distinctive or indistinctive about environmental education in schools and other formal education settings in India? In essence, what is the ness of environmental education in the Indian education system? Our responses to these important questions form the focus of this paper, shedding light on the historical, present and future directions (or ness) of environmental education in India. In effect, we attempt to capture the ness of environmental education by considering practice, policy and research developments throughout the various contemporary and traditional environmental education movements. In so doing, we identify a theory-practice gap and a dire lack of research as some of the pertinent issues facing environmental education in India. In conclusion we discuss possible future directions that environmental education might take in addressing these issues.


  • environmental education;
  • education;
  • India;
  • school;
  • teacher education


c1 Address for correspondence: Sylvia Almeida, PhD Student, Faculty of Education, Monash University, McMahons Road, Frankston, Victoria 3199, Australia. Email:

Sylvia Christine Almeida is a PhD student in the Faculty of Education, Monash University. Her research interests lie in the areas of environmental education and its uptake in various contexts. Cultural experiences and their infuence on environmental attitudes are her primary areas of interest. Her thesis is focused on understanding teacher educators' experiences in implementing environmental education in India.

Dr Amy Cutter-Mackenzie is a Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Education, Monash University. Amy is the Editor of the Australian Journal of Environmental Education. She currently supervises 12 research students, including Sylvia's PhD thesis. Amy is the Founder and Leader of the Sustainability, Environment and Education (SEE) Research Group. The SEE Research Group is focused on young people (early childhood – tertiary) and the ways in which they participate and engage in sustainability and environment. It is made up of academics (internal/external to Monash) and research students.