a1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, UIHC, 8809 JPP, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
a2 Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA, USA
Objective To determine the effect of intention to breast-feed on short-term breast-feeding outcomes in women delivering term and preterm infants.
Design Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) for three states, Ohio, Michigan and Arkansas, during 2000–2003 were analysed. SAS 9·1·3 and SUDAAN 10 statistical software packages were used for analyses.
Setting Arkansas, Michigan and Ohio, USA.
Subjects Mothers of recently delivered infants, selected by birth certificate sampling.
Results Of 16 839 mothers included, 9·7 % delivered preterm. Some 52·2 % expressed definite intention to breast-feed, 16·8 % expressed tentative intention, 4·3 % were uncertain and 26·8 % had no intention to breast-feed. Overall 65·2 % initiated breast-feeding, 52·0 % breast-fed for ≥4 weeks and 30·8 % breast-fed for ≥10 weeks. Women with definite intention were more likely to initiate (OR = 24·3, 95 % CI 18·4, 32·1), to breast-feed for ≥4 weeks (OR = 7·12, 95 % CI 5·95, 8·51) and to breast-feed for ≥10 weeks (OR = 2·75, 95 % CI 2·20, 3·45) compared with women with tentative intention. Levels of intention did not differ between women delivering preterm and term. Women delivering at <34 weeks were more likely to initiate breast-feeding (OR = 2·24, 95 % CI 1·64, 3·06) and to breast-feed for ≥4 weeks (OR = 2·58, 95 % CI 1·96, 3·41), but less likely to breast-feed for ≥10 weeks (OR = 0·55, 95 % CI 0·44, 0·68), compared with those delivering at term. Women delivering between 34 and 36 weeks were less likely to breast-feed for ≥10 weeks than those delivering at term (OR = 0·63, 95 % CI 0·49, 0·81).
Conclusions Prenatal intention to breast-feed is a powerful predictor of short-term breast-feeding outcomes in women delivering both at term and prematurely.
(Received December 09 2010)
(Accepted July 29 2011)
(Online publication September 22 2011)