Many have complained that Kant’s ethics provides little specific guidance as to how we should act. In contemporary healthcare, professionals act in large-scale organizational contexts, with complex reward structures, and in many cases belong to professional bodies that determine the ethical obligations associated with particular roles.
Garrath Williams, B.A. (Hons), M.A., Ph.D., is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at Lancaster University, UK.
Ruth Chadwick, B.Phil., D.Phil., LL.B., is Director of Cesagen (ESRC Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics) at Cardiff University, Wales.
For their helpful comments on versions of this article, we would like to thank Vilhjálmur Árnason, Peter Herissone-Kelly, and Tatiana Patrone.