a1 Monash University, Australia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Many women now juggle the multiple roles of wife, mother, home maker, and paid worker. Although their behaviours may have changed, many of these women still adhere to traditional beliefs about their roles, which may predispose them to conflict and stress. Questionnaires were sent to all women working at a large urban teaching hospital in metropolitan Melbourne in a study to explore, among other factors, the relationship between occupational status, education level, and women's beliefs. Of the 2562 questionnaires sent out 974 (44%) were completed and returned, 422 of the questionnaires were completed by women who were living with a male partner and children. Multivariant analyses of variance were performed on the data. Results indicated a relationship between occupational status and adherence to traditional beliefs. Blue collar women had the most traditional beliefs followed by clerical women, then nurses. Managerial women and professional women had the least traditional beliefs. A similar relationship was found between level of education and beliefs; women with lower levels of education adhered to more traditional beliefs than women with higher education levels. It is possible that, as a result of adherence to traditional beliefs, women who are blue-collar workers and those with lower levels of education may be more predisposed to stress than other women when juggling their multiple roles.
c1 Address for correspondence: Dr Monica O'Kelly, 6 Roy Close, Narre Warren North, VIC 3804, Australia.