a1 Queens University, Canada. email@example.com
There has been a dramatic increase in recent years in the literature available on community integration among people with acquired brain injuries. At the same time, however, clinicians are calling for information that has utility in the complex environment of community practice. The study was a scoping review to address the question: What is known from the existing literature regarding the best ways to promote community integration in the postacute phase of brain injury recovery? From a preliminary pool of 925 studies identified by electronic searching of 5 databases in a 15-year time window, a final set of 30 was selected for further review, referring to 25 distinct programs. This scoping review has shown that there are 5 types of programs typically offered to survivors of brain injuries to assist with community integration: supported employment, traditional rehabilitation, environmental adaptation, support development and transitional living. These 5 approaches were primarily used to address 2 aspects of community integration: traditional rehabilitation was most commonly used to promote independent living, and supported employment was the most common approach used to promote productive occupation. Themes that emerged from the review were the need for highly individualised programming, in vivo approaches, tailored supports, early intervention and a focus on participation. Methodologically, the study represents an important acknowledgment of the valuable information that is available in the literature in descriptive and small sample research.
c1 Address for correspondence: Mary Ann McColl, PhD, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.