a1 Children's Hospital Education Research Institute, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia. email@example.com
a2 Children's Hospital Education Research Institute, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia.
Attention is considered to be the foundation of most cognitive and neuropsychological processes and it is often the subject of study in the common childhood disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This article reviews studies on the attentional functioning of children with subtypes of ADHD and children with learning disabilities (LD). First, an overview of ADHD including current conceptualisation and cognitive theories of the disorder are outlined. Second, attention is described as a multidimensional construct consisting of a number of components. This model of attention will be used as a framework for reviewing studies in the ADHD literature. In particular, the following comparisons of children will be examined: (1) ADHD compared with non-disordered controls, (2) ADHD compared with LD, and (3) hyperactivity/impulsive forms of ADHD compared with inattentive ADHD. Finally, the implications of a multi-modal framework of attention will be discussed within the context of theory and treatment of ADHD.
c1 Address for correspondence: Dr Cheryl Soo, Rehabilitation Studies Unit, University of Sydney, PO Box 6, Ryde NSW 1680, Australia.