Brain Impairment

Articles

Neuropsychological Outcomes of Children Treated for Posterior Fossa Tumours:A Review

Robyn Stargatta1 c1, Vicki Andersona2 and Jeffrey V. Rosenfelda3

a1 Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital and University of Melbourne, Australia. stargatr@cryptic.rch.unimelb.edu.au

a2 Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital and University of Melbourne, Australia.

a3 Alfred Hospital, Australia.

Abstract

The posterior fossa region of the brain is a frequent site for tumour development in children, with over half of all childhood tumours occurring at this site. The principal brain structure implicated at this site is the cerebellum. Children treated for posterior fossa tumours can have a wide range of neurological and psychosocial problems. This paper describes the literature to date that addresses the neuropsychological impact of tumour and treatment in children with posterior fossa tumours. This paper reviews the literature on the causes of morbidity in this group. It discusses the recent research on the role of the cerebellum in outcomes and the studies that identify variables that interact with radiation effects.

Correspondence:

c1 Address for correspondence: Robyn Stargatt, Department of Psychology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia.