Twin Research

Articles

Genetic Influences on Female Infidelity and Number of Sexual Partners in Humans: A Linkage and Association Study of the Role of the Vasopressin Receptor Gene (AVPR1A)

Lynn F. Cherkasa1, Elizabeth C. Oelsnera2, Y. T. Maka3, Anna Valdesa4 and Tim D. Spectora5 c1

a1 Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

a2 Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

a3 Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

a4 Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

a5 Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom. tim.spector@kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

In humans, in contrast to animals, the genetic influences on infidelity are unclear. We report here a large study of over 1600 unselected United Kingdom female twin pairs who confidentially reported previous episodes of infidelity and total lifetime number of sexual partners, as well as attitudes towards infidelity. Our findings demonstrate that infidelity and number of sexual partners are both under moderate genetic influence (41% and 38% heritable, respectively) and the genetic correlation between these two traits is strong (47%). Conversely, attitudes towards infidelity are driven by shared and unique environmental, but not genetic, influences. A genome-wide linkage scan identified three suggestive but nonsignificant linkage areas associated with infidelity and number of sexual partners on chromosomes 3, 7 and 20 with a maximum LOD score of 2.46. We were unsuccessful in associating infidelity or number of sexual partners with a locus implicated in other mammals' sexual behavior, the vasopressin receptor gene. Nonetheless, our findings on the heritabil-ity of sexual infidelity and number of sexual partners provide support for certain evolutionary theories of human sexual behavior, as well as justifying further genetic and molecular research in this domain.

(Received August 25 2004)

(Accepted August 30 2004)

Correspondence:

c1 Address for correspondence: Tim Spector, Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology Unit, St Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK.

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